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Self Management through Psycho-spiritual Techniques

Dr. Kamakhya Kumar*

Self is the combination of our Physical, Intellectual and Spiritual being. Management of Self is an art. Managing your thoughts, intellect, will power, creativity and implementing all your potentials in the right direction results into a great success in life. People frequently ask what is this Self Management, why self management and How to do so?
 There are several components of Self Management, some of them are radiated in the picture:  Health Management, Thought Management, Time Management and Will-power Management are the primary components. Stress Management, Anger Management, Lifestyle Management Diet Management and other practical aspects are the secondary components of this process.

Self Management Process

Managing your self is not so easy, thus it needs lot of practice. One can start managing the self through health consciousness. If the physical body is fit he can manage the inner self. Just watch how do you feel today? If the body functioning is well one can think beyond it. Otherwise the body becomes the obstacle in the path of self upliftment. Be conscious of your body weight, according to your height. Be conscious of your Pulse-rate, Heart bit, Respiration-rate, Blood pressure and other common vitals through the general physical health check-up. Just watch there is no pain in the joints, there is any fatigue in the body.
If you are lacking somewhere this is the right time to manage your physical self through Yogic practices like Asana, Pranayama, Shatkarma etc are very effective in Health management. If you are totally fit you should now watch your mental health. The stress level, the anxiety level, the concentration level, the memory level and so on. If you feel lacking on these point this is the time to practice Yogic Techniques again. This all come under Self Management. There are several psycho-spiritual techniques which help in this process. Some of the techniques are highly significant in nature and can be adopted easily.

Self realization process (So- Ham Sadhana)
One of the effective technique which helps in Self management, is So-ham Sadhana, it is a technique of meditation to realize the oneness of human consciousness and super consciousness. I am Thou- is the base of this sadhana- and it is the literal meaning of this mantra. Here, Thou come for the Ultimate reality, the Super power, the Super Consciousness. Only due to ignorance we are not able to recognize ourselves. Actually we repeat this mantra with every breath but because of lack of awareness we are not able to understand it. If we just increase the awareness, we will be able to know who I am, what our nature is, and what our duty is.

Method: Sit in padmāsana, Siddhāsana or Sukhāsana (simple cross legged) with the spine erect and body parts relaxed. After the body part awareness, observe the natural flow of breath. When you become able to concentrate on one point just focus your awareness on your natural – spontaneous breathing process. With every inhalation the sound of “So” can be observed and with every exhalation “Ham” sound can be observed. The sound of this mantra is śāswat, you don’t have to produce. It will come itself. Just watch the breath and feel it. No breath should enter or pass out without your knowledge. The breathing will become slow and the total concentration will be on “So-Ham” mantra. With every inhalation So-o-o and with every exhalation Ham-m-m. The feeling will be I am Thou (Thou means supreme power, Thou means super consciousness).            
  Watch the breath, observe the mantra, feel the oneness of soul and mind. Concentrate on it for at least ten minutes. The feeling of So-Ham will become stronger (I am Thou) for end the practice slowly remove the awareness from “So-Ham” mantra and observe the outer environment. Move the fingers and toes, hands, legs and neck slowly. Rub the palm and keep on the eyes. Open the eyes slowly. After this practice sit quietly for a moment and feel the change in your mood, in your behavior in your thought process.


Self Development technique - Savita Dhyan
A disciplined mind helps in physical, mental and spiritual well being. There are several techniques of meditation among them Savita Dhyan (Meditation on rising Sun). This Savita Dhyan is a wonderful technique. It gives lot of energy and lot of Vitality. Practitioners get success in every field of life through this practice.
Pandit Śrīram Sharma Acharya in a Sadhana Camp described the practical aspect of Savita Dhyan. In his words: Mental concentration on some gross objects e.g. the rising Sun, is most convenient for majority of people; because, the human mind, in general, is not so developed that it could be focused for a stretch without any visible or perceptible symbol. However with sincere practice, one begins to realize the presence of spirit in his inner self and learn to meditate upon it.
How to practice it? Select a well ventilated calm and clean place for the practice. It will be more effective if the timing is of sunrise. Sit in padmasana, Siddhasana or Sukhasana (simple cross legged) with the spine erect and body parts relaxed. After the body part awareness observe the natural flow of breath. Slowly bring the awareness at center of brain and try to visualize the light spot of rising Sun.
For further assist your mind you can keep a picture of rising sun in front of you. Keep concentrating on this red bright ball. Later on feel the energy and warmness in your body. Just feel that with every inhalation you are absorbing the cosmic energy. You are gaining the physical strength, mental power and spiritual energy with the time being. Keep on practicing for 10 to 20 minutes or until you feel comfortable. To quit the practice rub your palm and sake your eyes. After a few days practice the infusion of light in the brain in the mind should inspire the practitioner to become a witness of all the internal experiences.

Management of self grows slowly and it develops the potentials and skills in life. What should be the next step in our life? Strength grows when we dare, Unity grows when we cheer, Mission grows when we share and Team grows when we care. Meditate for a while, Try to find out the objective and work hard to achieve that. It depends what we want to develop. These techniques are completely time tested tools, Just practice and get benefited.