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Beneficial effects of Yoga Life Style on Reversibility of Ischemic Heart disease: ‘Caring Heart Project’ International Board of Yoga

Dr. ]ayadeva Yogendra, Hansaji Yogendra, Dr. S. Amberdekar,
Dr. R. D. Lele, Dr. Shantharam Shetty, Dr. M. Dave, Smt. Naamui Husein

Abstract

Objectives: Yoga based lifestyle modifications have been earlier shown to be beneficial in coronary artery disease in a small number of patients. We evaluated the role of lifestyle modification based on Yoga techniques, stress management and dietary modifications in retardation of coronary artery disease.

Methods: This prospective, controlled, open trial included angiographically proven coronary artery disease patients (71 patients in study group and 42 patients ip control group). They were assessed clinically, by biochemical parameters, stress myocardial perfusion studies and coronary angiography and on psychological parameters. The study group patients were given a family based Yoga Programme which included, control of risk factors, dietary modifications and stress management for a period of one year. The patients were assessed at baseline, at frequent intervals and at the end of one year.

Results: At the end of one year of Yoga training, Statistical significant changes (P<0.50) were observed serum total cholesterol (reduction by 23.3% in study group patients as compared to 4.4% in controls), serum LDL cholesterol (reduction of 26% in study group patients as compared to 2.6% in the control group), regression of disease (43.7% of study group patients vis 31 % control group on MP1 and 70.4 % of study group vis 28 % of control group on angiography). At the end of the study improvement in anxiety scores in concordant with the improvement seen in MPl. No untoward effects of the therapy were observed.
Conclusion: Yoga based lifestyle modifications help in regression of coronary lesions and in improving myocardial perfusion. This is translated into clinical benefits and symptomatic improvement.


* An abstract of the paper published in the journal of The Physicians of India OAP! - April 2004 - Vol. 52) on The Caring Heart Project at The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, Mumbai.

Table I: Overall Improvement of Patients in both the groups as per Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
               Status


Assessment

Study   Group  No.

Study    Group  %

Control     Group No.

Control  Group
%

IMPROVEMENT

31

*43.7

13

31.0

STATUS QUO

33

*46.5

14

33.3

DETERIORATION

07

09.8

15

35.7

TOTAL

71

100

42

100

                       By Chi-Square Test                                          *P<0.05 Significant

This table shows that after treatment 43.7% of total cases showed improvement and 46.5% status quo in study group which was very high as compared to 31.0% status quo among control group, and difference was statistically significant.

Table II: Comparison of overall effect of Intervention between Study and Control


Parameters

 

Study Group

 

Control Group

Improvement

Status quo

Deterioration

Improvement

Status quo

Deterioration

MPI Status**

43.7

46.5

9.8

31.0

33.3

*33.7

Angiography status as per  No of patients

70.4

0

29.6

28.0

12.0

60.0

Angiography status
as per lesions

*68.6

14.4

17

39.8

22.6

37.6

CGI*** (Phychological)

*90.2

9.8

--

35.7

54.8

9.5

CGI - Nutritional

*93.0

5.6

1.4

35.7

35.7

28.6

By Chi - Square Test

 

 

 

 

*p < 0.05 Significant

Above table reveals that intervention of yoga had a significant impact in study group as compared to control group as following parameters showed considerable change:.

  1. 90.2% of the cases had improvement/status quo in study group as compared to 64.3% among control group in relation to MPI* status.
  2. 70.4% of the cases had improvement/status quo in study group as compared to 40.0% among control group in relation to angiography findings. As per patients (classified as per myocardial jeopardy due to artery disease).
  3. 83.0% of the cases had improvement. Status quo in study group as compared to 62.4% amcng control group as per number of coronary lesions.
  4. 90.2% of the cases had improvement in study group as compared to 35.7% among control group in relation to CGI* (psychological) score.
  5. 93.0% of the cases had improvement in study group as compared to 35.7% among control group in relation to nutritional status.

*MPI - Myocardial Perfusion Imaging *CG I Clinical Global Impression.

Table III: Overall improvement of Patients as per Angiography status


Parameters

Study Group

No.

Control Group

No.

 

 

54

 

25

Improvement

38

70.4%

7

28%

Statusquo

0

0

3

12%

Deterioration

16

29.6%

15

60%

Total

54

100

25

100

This table shows that in study group after treatment 70.4 % of total cases showed improvement and 29.6% showed deterioration which was very high as compared to 28% improvement and 60% deterioration among control group. The difference was statistically significant.

Table IV: Overall improvement of coronary lesions as per Angiography status


Assessment of Improvement

Study Group

Control Group

(N = 153)

(N = 93)

No.

%

No.

%

Improvement

105

68.6

037

39.8

Statusquo

022

14.4

021

22.6

Deterioration

026

17.0

035

37.6

Total

153

100.0

093

100.0

"P<0.05% Significant”

This table shows that after treatment 68.6% of total lesions showed improvement, 14.4% status quo and 17.0% deterioration in study group which was very high as compared to 39.8% improvement, 22.6% status quo and 37.6% deterioration among control group. The difference was statistically significant.

Dr. B. M. Hegde, MD, FRCp, London, FRCP Edinb., FICP Glasg., FRCP (Dublin) in his forward to the book How to Reverse Heart Disease - The Yogic Way Research, Facts and Programme says,  "The right approach to coronary artery disorder from a holistic point of view where the mind, body and the soul are given a fillip to overcome the bodily disability by the life style changes followed by The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, Mumbai, India. The results speak for themselves. The study has shown unequivocally that the method works and work superbly. While I congratulate, the bold step taken especially by Dr. Jayadeva Yogendra and Hansaji to mount this very important study despite many hurdles, I must appreciate the wisdome of the modern medically trained doctors associated with the study, who have shown the courage to come forward and give credibility to the study from the point of view of the present westernised world where anything coming from the west is gospel truth. Science is not knowledge. Science is organised curiosity with logical skepticism. By this definition this study has been not only scientific but an advance in scientific thinking.


First Indian Study proves Ancient Science Positively Impacts Heart conditions
"Yoga cures heart problems", such assertions have been heard long enough but when it came to
substantiating these claims one has only been met with silence. Keeping such considerations in mind the 86 year old, The Yoga Institute at Santacruz, which has been working in the area of controlling heart problems has conducted a study published in the journal of The Association of Physicians of  India OAPI), it establishes the reversibility of heart disease through yoga based lifestyle. 
 

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